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Oliver Grau
* 1965, currently based: Vienna - Krems - Berlin
Affiliated institution: Soc. for the Histories of MediaArt, Science and Technology --- ---

Archive of Digital Art (ADA). “Oliver Grau – artist profile”. (retrieved 2023-20-06). @online{ADAartistprofile, author = {Archive of Digital Art (ADA)}, title = {Oliver Grau artist profile}, url = {}, urldate = {retrieved 2023-20-06}
20 years Chair Professorships for Image Science. More than 350 lectures and keynotes worldwide, including Olympic Games culture program and G-20 Summit.

Grau's “Virtual Art. From Illusion to Immersion”, MIT Press 2003 (Book of the Month, Scientific American) is with 2600+ citations internationally the most quoted art history monography of recent decades (H-Index), it received 90+ reviews. It offered for the first historic evolution in image-viewer theory of immersion and a systematic analysis of the triad of artist, artwork and beholder in digital art.

He has received several awards and his publications are translated in 15 languages. His main research is in histories of media art, immersive images, art and emotion, the history of telepresence, artificial life and digital humanities. His work has been featured in numerous international publications including Frankfurter Allgemeine, Tagesspiegel, ORF, Wired, Scientific American, NZZ, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Standard, Nature, DIE ZEIT, Süddeutscher Rundfunk, SFB, Berliner Zeitung, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Deutschlandfunk, Wall Street Journal, European Photography, Museums Journal, Svenska Dagbladet, Syrian Arab News, Estado de Sao Paulo, ...

Grau is a founder of the field of MediaArtHistories and founding director of its Conference Series: Banff 2005, Berlin07, Melbourne09, Liverpool11, Riga13, Montreal15, Krems/Vienna17, Aalborg19, Venice23. The volume MediaArtHistories, MIT Press 2007, received 50+ international reviews. "Imagery in the 21st Century", MIT-Press 2011 opened the field of Image Science. Recently: Museum and Archive on the Move (2017), Digital Art under the Looking Glas (2019) and Retracing Political Dimensions (2021)

He conceived new Digital Humanities tools for image science and directed the project "Immersive Art" of the German Research Foundation (DFG) developing the first international Archive for Digital Art (ADA, since 1998) recently funded by FWF and bmbwf with 1,1 Mio Euro. Since 2005 Grau was also head of the of the Goettweig Graphic Print Online-Collection, Austria's largest private collection with 30.000 works, from Duerer to Klimt.

Grau developed new international curricula: MediaArtHistories MA, Image Science, Digital Collection Management, the EU supports the MediaArtsCultures Program with 5.5 Mio. Euro. 2000 Grau was elected into the Young Academy of the BBAW & Leopoldina, 2015 he was elected into the Academia Europaea, 2014 he received a doctor h.c., in 2016 a symposium in honor of his research was held in Tel Aviv and 2019 he received the Science Award of L. Austria.

Head Society for the Histories of MediaArt, Science and Technology.
New Research Project: Tool Development for Image Data Literacy: Understanding Digital Art with complex data analysis (ImDaLi).
New Research Project: Lehr- und Forschungsinfrastruktur für Digitale Künste an Hochschulen (LeFo).
2019 Lower Austria Science Award
2017 Conference Co-chair (with Prof. Dr. Inge Hinterwaldner): Re:Trace, 7th International Conf. for Histories of Media Art, Science and Technology, Krems/Göttweig/Vienna 2017
2016 Symposium in Honor of Oliver Grau’s research, Open University of Israel, 23. Nov 2016
2015 Elected Member “ACADEMIA EUROPAEA – The Academy of Europe, Among the Members: 84 Nobel Laureates
Erasmus+ Master of Excellence on Media Art Cultures
Joint Program with Alborg University, University Lodz, City University Hong Kong
2014 Honorary Doctorate (Dr. h.c.) from the University of Oradea
2014 Co-Development of the master programme 'Data Studies' at Danube University
2014 - 2024 Media Arts Cultures, Erasmus+ (EU) Joint Master Degree Program, app. 5,500,000.- EUR.
2013 Research grant from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) for the project AT.MAR including the development of the Archive of Digital Art (former Database of Virtual Art)
2013 Editorial Board Member Revista de Estudios Globales y Arte Contemporaneo
2013 - 2016 Research Project: Interactive Archive and Meta-Thesaurus for Media Art Research (AT.MAR) (PI), FWF – Austrian Science Fund, approx. 460,000.- EUR.
2012 The publication 'Virtual Art - From Illusion to Immersion' became one of the most cited books in the field of art history (Source: H-Index)
2012 Board Member of the Russian Institute for Cultural Research, St. Petersburg.
2011 International Declaration "Media Art Needs Global Networked Organisation and Support"
2011 Key note lecture in Seoul (Korea) for the lecture series 'Humanism 2.0 in the digital age'
2011 Host of the conference of Austrian art historians ('Tagung österreichischer Kunsthistorikerinnen und Kunsthistoriker'), 30.09.-02.10.2011
2011 Offered Chair Professor, City University Hong Kong, not accepted
2010 - 2013 Research grant from the European Research Council (ERC) for the project "Reconsidering Australian Media Art History in an International Context"
2010 Key note at the 'tech+ forum 2010' in association with the G-20 Summit Meeting, by Invitation of the Ministry of Knowledge
2008 Director of the Second International Conference on Image Science at Goettweig Monastery
2008 Development of the master programme 'Cross Media' at Danube University
2006 Inauguration of the Danube TeleLectures Conference Series
2006 Development of the master programme 'Media Art Histories' at Danube University
2005 Chair Professor and Head of the Department for Image Science at the Danube University Krems
2005 Founding Director of "Refresh! First International Conference on the Histories of Media Art, Science and Technology"
2005 Visiting Professor at the University of Caxias do Sul
2005 Visiting Professor at the University of Siegen
2005 Head of the Database of the Graphic Art Collection of Goettweig Monastery
2005 Development of the master programme 'Image Science' at Danube University
2003 Habilitation from the University of Art and Design Linz
2003 Research Scholarship from the Villa Vigoni
2002 - 2005 Establishment of the MediaArtHistory Conference Series
2001 - 2005 Assistant Research Professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin
2001 - 2002 Visiting Professor at the University of Art and Design Linz
2001 Voted Member of the "Young Academy" of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Leopoldina
2000 Most cited monograph in Art History according to H-Index
1999 - 2005 Initial Development of the Archive of Digital Art (former DVA) at the Humboldt University of Berlin
1998 - 2005 PhD in Art History at the Humboldt University of Berlin

1 /

Art&Science: limits of knowledge, hybrid models for art.

Barcelona Science Biennial, organized by City Council


ISTANBUL: "Amber Art and Technology Festival"

Invited Lecture AMBER FESTIVAL 17 dec 2014 – 21 feb 2015


HONG KONG: 20th International Conference on Virtual Systems & Multimedia (VSMM 2014), City University Hong Kong OUR DIGITAL CULTURE THREATENED BY LOSS: The Complex Expression of Digital Art and its Impact on Archives and Image Science/Digital Humanities


Conference 'Image as Location' (San Francisco)

Lecture at the Conference 'Image as Location' at the University of Berkeley/Goethe Institute (San Francisco, USA)


Conference 'Portable Reality' (Basel, CH)

Keynote at the international conference 'Portable Reality' at the Haus für elektronische Künste (Hek) in Basel

Exhibitions & Events
Publications & References
Grau, Oliver and Inge Hinterwaldner, ed. Retracing Political Dimensions: Strategies in Contemporary New Media Art. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020.
Grau, Oliver and Janina Hoth and Eveline Wandl-Vogt, ed. Digital Art through the Looking Glass: New strategies for archiving, collecting and preserving in Digital Humanities. Krems a. d. Donau: Edition Donau-Universität, 2019.
Grau, Oliver and Sebastian Haller and Janina Hoth and Viola Rühse and Devon Schiller and Michaela Seiser. »Documenting Media Art. An Archive and Bridging Thesaurus for MediaArtHistories.« Leonardo 52, no. 5 (2019): 435 - 441.
Grau, Oliver and Wendy Coones. »”The Living Archive” of Digital Arts – Web 2.0 & 3.0 and the Bridging Thesaurus.« Konferenzband EVA Berlin 2018 (2018): 230 - 237.
Grau, Oliver and Wendy Coones and Viola Rühse, ed. Museum and Archive on the Move. Changing Cultural Institutions in the Digital Era.. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017.
Grau, Oliver and Sebastian Haller and Janina Hoth and Viola Rühse and Devon Schiller and Michaela Seiser. »DOCUMENTING MEDIA ART: Towards a social WEB 2.0-Archive for MediaArtHistories and an integrative Bridging Thesaurus.« Tagungsband des Vereins oesterreichischer KunsthistorikerInnen 18 (2016).
Grau, Oliver. On the Visual Power of Digital Arts: for a new archive and museum infrastructure in the 21st century.. Vol.12. Colección Caleidoscopio, by José Ramón Alcalá & Vicente Jarque th ed.Castilla - La Mancha: Ediciones de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 2016.
Grau, Oliver. »Our Digital Culture Threatened by Loss.« The World Financial Review (2014): 40-42.
Grau, Oliver. »Media Art's Challenge for our Societies.« In The Challenge of the Object: 33rd Congress of the International Committee of the History of Art, edited by Ulrich Großmann, 990-994. Nürnberg: Verlag des Germanischen Nationalmuseums, 2013.
Grau, Oliver. »The History of Telepresence: Automata, Illusion and Rejecting the Body.« In Nature, edited by Jeffrey Kastner, 121-124. London: Whitechapel Gallery, 2012.
Grau, Oliver. »Gegenwartskultur vom Verlust bedroht.« Junge Akademie Magazin 14 (2012): 18-21.
Grau, Oliver. »Image Science & MediaArtHistories: New Infrastructures for 21st Century Digital Humanities.« In Mind and Matter: Comparative Approaches towards Complexity, edited by Günther Friesinger and Johannes Grenzfurthner and Thomas Ballhausen, 29-37. Bielefeld: transcript, 2011.
Grau, Oliver and Thomas Veigl, ed. Imagery in the 21st Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT-Press, 2011.
Grau, Oliver and Thomas Veigl. »Media Art's Challenge to our Societies.« In Imagery in the 21st Century, edited by Oliver Grau, 310-371. Cambridge, MA: MIT-Press, 2011.
Kisseleva, Olga and Oliver Grau. »Theory and Practice of Media Art: Aesthetic Parergons and Perspectives.« In First Post Industrial Contemporary Art Biennale, edited by NCCA. Ekaterinburg: NCCA, 2010.
Grau, Oliver. »Media Art & Digital Humanities.« Technology Imagination Future: Journal for Transdisciplinary Knowledge Design 4, no. 1 (2010): 1-22.
Grau, Oliver and Jonathan P. Bowen and Kia Ng. »Renewing Knowledge Structures for Media Art.« In EVA London 2010: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts, edited by Alan Seal, 286-295. Swindon: British Computer Society, 2010.
Grau, Oliver. »Lembrem a phantasmagoria! Politica da ilusao do seculo XVIII e sua vida apos a morte multimedia.« In Arte, Ciencia e Tecnologia, edited by Diana Domingues, 239 - 260. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Editora UNESP, 2009.
Grau, Oliver. »Das Pionierarchiv der Medienkunst:« Kunstgeschichte aktuell 1, no. 9 (2009): 8.
Grau, Oliver. »Living Habitats - Immersive Strategies.« In Christa Sommerer - Laurent Mignonneau: Interactive Art Research, edited by Gerfried Stocker, 170-175. Wien, New York: Springer Verlag, 2009.
Grau, Oliver. Virtuelna umetnost. Beograd: Clio, 2008.
Grau, Oliver. »Media Art needs Histories and Archives.« In The 5th Seoul International Media Art Biennale, edited by Seoul Museum of Art, 23-25 and 36-50. Seoul, Korea: Seoul Museum of Art, 2008.
Grau, Oliver. »The Recombinant Reality - Immersion and Interactive Image Spaces.« In Synthetic Times, edited by Fan Di'an and Zhang Ga, 72 -93. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2008.
Grau, Oliver. Media Art Histories. Cambridge, MA: MIT-Press, 2007.
Grau, Oliver. »Remember the Phantasmagoria! Illusion Politics of the Eightenth Century and Its Multimedial Afterlife.« In Media Art Histories, edited by Oliver Grau, 136 - 161. Cambridge, MA: MIT-Press, 2007.
Grau, Oliver. »Arte Virtual.« In El Medio es el diseno audiovisual, edited by Jorge La Ferla. Manizales, Colombia: Universidad de Caldas, 2007.
Grau, Oliver. »“Vorsicht! Es scheint, daß er direkt auf die Dunkelheit zustürzt, in der Sie sitzen.” Immersions- und Emotionsforschung, Kernelemente der Bildwissenschaft.« In Wie sich Gefühle Ausdruck verschaffen, edited by Klaus Herding and Antje Krause-Wahl, 263 - 288. Taunusstein: Driesen Verlag, 2007.
Grau, Oliver. Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion. Tsinghua, China: Tsinghua University Press, 2006.
Grau, Oliver. »Integrando a arte-midia em nossa cultura. Historia da arte como ciencia da imagem.« In Imagem (Ir)Realidade. Comunicacao e cibermidia, edited by Denize Correa Araujo, 259 - 270. : Editora Sulina, 2006.
Grau, Oliver. »Integrating Media Art into Our Culture - Art History as Image Science.« Fu-Jen Historical Journal (2006): 553 - 570.
Grau, Oliver and Ernst Strouhal. »Phantasmagorischer Bildzauber des 18. Jahrhunderts und sein Nachleben in der Medienkunst.« In Rare Künste: Zur Kultur- und Mediengeschichte der Zauberkunst, edited by Brigitte Felderer, 461 - 480. Wien: Springer Verlag, 2006.
Grau, Oliver. »Kunst als Inspiration medialer Evolution. Überwindungsversionen der Kinoleinwand vom Stereopticon zur Telepräsenz.« In Das bewegte Bild: Film und Kunst, edited by Thomas Hensel and Klaus Krüger and Tanja Michalsky, 419 - 448. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2006.
Grau, Oliver and Andreas Keil, ed. Mediale Emotionen. Zur Lenkung von Gefühlen durch Bild und Sound. Frankfurt/Main: Fischer Verlag, 2005.
Grau, Oliver. »Das Sedanpanorama. Einübung soldatischen Gehorsams im Staatsbild durch Präsenz.« In Panorama: Virtualität und Realitäten - II. Internationale Panoramakonferenz in Altötting 2003, edited by , 38 - 52. : Verlag Koch - Schmidt - Wilhelm GbR, 2005.
Grau, Oliver. »Die visuelle Zukunft. Medienkunst - so vielseitig wie noch nie.« In DGPh intern (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Photographie), edited by Vol.28. , 9 - 11. : 2005.
Grau, Oliver. »A história da telepresenca: automatos, ilusao e a rejeicao do corpo.« In Corpos Virtuais, edited by Ivana Bentes, 112-117. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Centro Cultural Telemar, 2005.
Grau, Oliver. »Database of Virtual Art.« In Ars Electronica 2005: Hybrid - Living in Paradox, edited by Gerfried Stocker and Christine Schöpf, 404-405. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2005.
Grau, Oliver and Ulrike Reinhard. »Datenbank für Virtuelle Kunst.« In Digitale Transformationen. Medienkunst als Schnittstelle von Kunst, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, edited by Monika Fleischmann, 207-209. Heidelberg: Whois Verlag, 2004.
Grau, Oliver. Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003.
Grau, Oliver. »Novas Imagens da Vida: Realidade virtual e arte genética.« In Arte e Vida no Século XXI: Tecnologia, ciéncia e criatividade, edited by Diana Dominguez, 285-303. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Editora UN, 2003.
Grau, Oliver and Christian Berndt. »The Database of Virtual Art: For an Expanded Concept of Documentation.« edited by Paris Ministère de la Culture et de la Communicacion, 2-15. : 2003.
Grau, Oliver. »Der Digitale Bau. Aktuelle Tendenzen der Raumvisualisierung und ihre Vorläufer.« Thesis. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar , no. 3 (2003): 112-121.
Grau, Oliver. »Auf dem Weg zur Bildwissenschaft.« Gegenworte. Zeitschrift für den Disput über Wissen (Spring 2002): 25-29.
Grau, Oliver and Kiyofumi Motoyama and Yoshiomi Yamaguchi. »The Art of the Interface in Mixed Realities - Predecessors and Visions.« In ISEA 2002, 11th International Symposium on Electronic Art, edited by Masao Kohmura, 97-100. Nagoya, Japan: 2002.
Grau, Oliver. »Kunst als Inspiration medialer Evolution. Intermediale Etappen des Virtuellen im 20. Jahrhundert.« Intervalle 5, Schriftenreihe des Wissenschaftlichen Zentrums der Universität Kassel 5 (2002): 57-76.
Grau, Oliver. »Nowe obrazy z zycia: Rzeczywistosc wirtualna, sztuka genetyczna i transgeniczna.« Kwartalnik filmowy 35-36, no. XXI (2001): 108-119.
Grau, Oliver. »Das Sedanpanorama: Einübung soldatischen Gehorsams im Staatsbild durch Präsenz.« In Medien der Präsenz. Museum, Bildung und Wissenschaft im 19. Jahrhundert, edited by Jürgen et. al. Fohrmann, 143-169. Köln: DuMont, 2001.
Grau, Oliver. »New Images from Life.« In Art Inquiry. Recherches sur les Arts, edited by Ryszard KluszinskyVol.II (XI). , 7-25. Lodz: Grotesk, 2001.
Grau, Oliver. »Telepräsenz: Zu Genealogie und Epistemologie von Interaktion und Simulation.« In Formen interaktiver Medienkunst. Geschichte, Tendenzen, Utopien, edited by Peter et. al. Gendolla, 39-63. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp, 2001.
Grau, Oliver. »Datenbank der Virtuellen Kunst.« In Electronic Imaging and the Visual Arts 2001, edited by , 135-140. Berlin: 2001.
Grau, Oliver. Virtuelle Kunst in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Berlin: Reimer Verlag, 2001.
Grau, Oliver. »Zur relativen Interpendenz zwischen bildlicher Wirkung und reflektierter Distanzgewinnung.« In Vom Realismus der Bilder: Interdisziplinäre Forschungen zur Semantik bildlicher Darstellungsformen, edited by Klaus Sachs-Hombach, 213-227. Magdeburg: Scriptum-Verlag, 2001.
Grau, Oliver. »Verlust des Zeugen: Das lebendige Werk.« In Metamorphosen: Zur Veränderung der Gedächtnismedien im Computerzeitalter, edited by Götz-Lothar Darsow, 101-121. Stuttgart, Bad Cannstatt: Fromann-Holzboog, 2000.
Grau, Oliver. »Datenbank der Virtuellen Kunst.« Kunstchronik 11 (2000).
Grau, Oliver. »Bildarchitektur - Zur Geschichte und Aktualität des bildlichen Illusionsraumes.« Arch+: Die Zeitschrift für Architektur und Städtebau , no. 149/150 (April 2000): 102-108.
Grau, Oliver. »The History of Telepresence: Automata, Illusion, and The Rejection of the Body.« In The Robot in the Garden: Telerobotics and Telepistemology on the Internet, edited by Ken Goldberg, 226-243. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
Grau, Oliver. »Rhizome_Raw: Database of Virtual Art, Humboldt University of Berlin.« Leonardo 8, no. 3 (March 2000): 5-6.
Grau, Oliver and j. Joerges. »Lebendige Bilder schaffen: Virtuelle Realität, Artificial Life und Transgenic Art.« In Sieben Hügel: Dschungel. Sammeln, Ordnen, Bewahren: Von der Vielfalt des Lebens zur Kultur der Natur, edited by B.-M. Baumunk, 47-53. Berlin: Henschel Verlag, 2000.
Grau, Oliver. »Into the Belly of the Image: Historical Aspects of Virtual Reality.« Leonardo 32, no. 5 (1999): 365-371.
Grau, Oliver. »Zur Kunstgeschichte der Virtuellen Realität: Eine Forschungsnotiz.« Kunstchronik: Monatszeitschrift für Kunstwissenschaft, Museumswesen und Denkmalpflege , no. 7 (1998): 354-355.
Grau, Oliver. »Vademecum digitaler Kunst, Söke Dinkla: Pioniere Interaktiver Kunst bis heute.« In Jahrbuch computer art faszination, edited by Gerhard Dotzler, 275-276. Frankfurt/Main: Dr. Dotzler Medieninstitut Verlag, 1998.
Grau, Oliver. »In das "lebendige" Bild: Die Virtuelle Realität setzt der Kunst neue Spielregeln.« neue bildende kunst. Zeitschrift für Kunst und Kritik , no. 6 (1997): 28-36.
Grau, Oliver. »Carbon vs. Silicon.« In SIMKLAAS, edited by , 14-27 and 46-57. Berlin: Gestalten Verlag, 1997.
Grau, Oliver. »Vom Zen des Tauchens.« Die Zeit (June 1997): 62.
Grau, Oliver. »Künstler für fünf Minuten.« c´t Magazin für Computertechnik , no. 6 (1997): 104-108.
Grau, Oliver. »Hingabe an das Nichts: Der Cyberspace zwischen Utopie, Ökonomie und Kunst.« Medien. Kunst. Passagen , no. 4 (1994): 17-30.